Rodriguez v. Swartz, No. 14-02251
This civil rights case involves the brazen and lawless killing of a sixteen-year-old boy, J.A., by U.S. Border Patrol Agent Lonnie Swartz. On the night of October 10, 2012, J.A., a Mexican national, was peacefully walking along a street in his hometown of Nogales, Sonora, Mexico. The street on which he was walking, Calle Internacional, runs parallel to the border fence. At approximately 11:30 pm, Agent Swartz, standing on the U.S. side of the fence, opened fire. An autopsy report shows that J.A. was fatally hit with ten bullets. At the time of the shooting, the agents and/or officers were not under threat by J.A. or anyone else standing near him — much less in immediate danger of deadly or serious bodily harm. J.A. death was senseless and unjustified. Plaintiff Araceli Rodriguez filed this Bivens action for monetary damages for the killing of her youngest son, alleging claims under the Fourth and Fifth Amendments to the United States Constitution.
On July 10, 2015, the District Court granted in part and denied in part Defendant’s motion to dismiss. Disagreeing with the en banc Fifth Circuit, Chief Judge Raner C. Collins held that Rodriguez’s Fourth Amendment claim could proceed and that Agent Swartz was not entitled to qualified immunity.
In mid-September, 2015, the Department of Justice charged Swartz criminally with second degree murder.
In the civil case, Defendant filed a Notice of Appeal with the Ninth Circuit. Briefing is complete as of June 1, 2016. On October 21, 2016, the parties argued the case at the Ninth Circuit. The court is holding a decision in the case pending a decision by the Supreme Court in Hernandez v. United States.
- First Amended Complaint
- Agent Swartz’s Motion to Dismiss
- Plaintiff’s Opposition to Motion to Dismiss
- Order Denying Motion to Dismiss
- Appellant’s Opening Brief
- United States Amicus in Support of Reversal
- Appellee’s Opposition Brief
- Con Law & Foreign Affairs Law Professors Amicus in Support of Appellee
- HRW Amicus in Support of Appellee
- Law Professors Amicus in Support of Appellee
- Restore the 4th Amicus in Support of Appellee
- Mexican Government Amicus in Support of Appellee
- Border Advocacy Groups Amicus in Support of Appellee
- U.S.-Mexico Border Scholars Amicus in Support of Appellee
- Appellants’ Reply Brief
Contact: Mitra Ebadolahi | ACLU of San Diego & Imperial Counties | firstname.lastname@example.org